18 McKinley Erves
18 McKinley Erves
Height: 5-7
Weight: 185
Year: Freshman
Hometown: Huntsville, Ala.
High School: Sparkman
Position: Outfield
Major: Composition and Music Technology
Bats/Throws: R-R
gp 46
avg .331
hr -
rbi 37
r 37
sb 9

High School: A/B Honor Roll... Advanced Placement qualifier... Sparkman High School Cooperative Education Award... Four Year Scholar Award from Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Huntsville Chapter... LaGrange College Fellows Scholarship... Alabama A&M Merit Scholarship...

Parents: Jimmy and Latana Erves.

Recent Games
Apr 20 Belhaven W, 19-1
Apr 21 Belhaven W, 9-1
May 17 vs. Randolph-Macon L, 2-1
May 18 vs. Alvernia W, 2-1
May 19 vs. TCNJ W, 9-5
May 19 vs. Chris. Newport L, 4-3
Statistics category Overall Conf
Games 46 18
Plate appearances 201 85
At Bats 166 72
Runs 37 17
Hits 55 26
Doubles 10 7
Triples 3 2
Home Runs - -
Runs Batted In 37 14
Total bases 71 37
Walks 21 8
Hit by pitch 5 2
Strikeouts 22 12
Sacrifice Flies 5 1
Sacrifice Hits 4 2
Hit into double play 2 1
Stolen Bases 9 5
Caught Stealing 3 1
Batting Average .331 .361
On Base Percentage .411 .434
Slugging Percentage .428 .514
Appearances 0 0
Games started 0 0
Wins 0 0
Losses 0 0
Saves 0 0
Complete Games - -
Shutouts - -
Innings Pitched 0.0 0.0
Hits - -
Runs - -
Earned Runs - -
Walks - -
Strikeouts - -
Strikeouts per Game .00 .00
Doubles Allowed - -
Triples Allowed - -
Home Runs Allows - -
At Bats Against - -
Batting Average Against - -
Earned Run Average 0.00 0.00
Wild pitches - -
Hit Batters - -
Balks - -
Sacrifice Flies Allowed - -
Sacrifice Hits Allowed - -
Total Chances 0 0
Put Outs 0 0
Assists 0 0
Errors 0 0
Fielding Percentage - -
Double Plays - -
Stolen Bases Allowed - -
Runners Caught Stealing - -
Runners Caught Stealing Percentage - -
Passed Balls - -
Catcher's Interference - -
Date Opponent Score ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs
Feb 2 Sewanee L, 13-5 3 1 1 - - - 0 1 - - 1
Feb 3 Sewanee W, 5-4 4 0 2 1 - - 3 - 1 - -
Feb 3 Sewanee W, 6-0 3 1 1 - - - 1 1 1 - -
Feb 6 Emory W, 8-0 2 1 1 - - - 0 1 - - -
Feb 9 Centre L, 8-6 4 1 0 - - - 0 1 - - -
Feb 9 Centre W, 5-4 5 0 1 - - - 1 - - - -
Feb 10 Centre W, 9-1 4 2 1 1 - - 0 1 - - -
Feb 13 at Berry L, 7-1 4 0 0 - - - 1 - 1 - -
Feb 16 at Millsaps L, 7-5 5 1 1 - - - 1 - - 1 -
Feb 17 at Belhaven W, 12-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 18 vs. Berry L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 20 at Birmingham Southern L, 10-6 4 2 2 - 1 - 1 - 1 - -
Feb 23 at Covenant W, 13-5 3 0 1 - - - 1 1 1 1 -
Feb 23 at Covenant L, 8-6 3 2 2 1 - - 1 2 - 1 -
Feb 24 at Covenant L, 10-4 4 0 2 1 - - 1 - 2 - -
Mar 2 at Huntingdon L, 9-2 4 0 1 - - - 0 1 1 1 -
Mar 3 at Huntingdon L, 6-3 5 1 2 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 4 at Huntingdon W, 9-3 5 1 1 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 9 Brevard W, 12-0 1 1 0 - - - 1 2 - - -
Mar 9 Brevard W, 3-0 4 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 10 Brevard W, 11-8 3 2 2 - - - 3 1 - - -
Mar 14 Stevens Institute W, 2-1 4 0 1 - - - 0 - 2 - -
Mar 16 Maryville (Tenn.) L, 2-0 4 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 17 Maryville (Tenn.) W, 4-3 4 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 18 Maryville (Tenn.) W, 11-8 5 2 1 - 1 - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 20 Berry L, 11-1 2 0 1 - - - 0 1 - - -
Mar 23 at Berea W, 17-0 3 2 1 1 - - 0 - - - -
Mar 23 at Berea W, 17-5 5 3 3 1 - - 2 1 1 1 -
Mar 25 at Berea W, 4-0 3 1 2 - - - 1 2 - 1 1
Mar 27 Oglethorpe W, 17-3 1 2 0 - - - 2 2 - - -
Mar 30 Piedmont L, 11-6 4 2 2 1 - - 0 1 1 - -
Mar 31 Piedmont W, 12-7 4 1 1 - - - 2 - - - -
Mar 31 Piedmont W, 12-2 4 1 2 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 3 at Oglethorpe W, 9-4 4 1 1 - - - 0 - - 1 -
Apr 6 at Ferrum L, 8-3 4 0 0 - - - 0 - 2 - -
Apr 6 at Ferrum W, 5-2 5 0 3 1 - - 1 - 1 - -
Apr 8 at Ferrum L, 8-7 3 1 2 1 1 - 5 - - - -
Apr 11 vs. Ferrum W, 2-1 4 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 12 Piedmont W, 5-4 4 0 0 - - - 1 - - - -
Apr 13 N.C. Wesleyan W, 12-3 4 0 2 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 14 N.C. Wesleyan W, 12-7 3 2 2 - - - 2 - - - -
Apr 20 Belhaven L, 6-3 3 1 1 - - - 1 - 1 - -
Apr 20 Belhaven W, 19-1 2 1 2 - - - 2 1 - - -
Apr 21 Belhaven W, 9-1 2 1 1 1 - - 1 - - - -
May 17 vs. Randolph-Macon L, 2-1 3 0 2 - - - 0 1 - - -
May 18 vs. Alvernia W, 2-1 3 0 1 - - - 1 - - - 1
May 19 vs. TCNJ W, 9-5 5 0 2 - - - 0 - 1 2 -
May 19 vs. Chris. Newport L, 4-3 4 0 1 - - - 1 - 1 - -
Date Opponent Score hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Feb 2 Sewanee L, 13-5 - - - 1 0 - 1 - - 4
Feb 3 Sewanee W, 5-4 - - - 3 1 - 1 - - 4
Feb 3 Sewanee W, 6-0 1 - - 1 0 - - 1 - 5
Feb 6 Emory W, 8-0 - - - 1 0 - - 1 - 3
Feb 9 Centre L, 8-6 - - - 0 0 - - 3 - 5
Feb 9 Centre W, 5-4 - - - 1 0 - 1 3 0.33 5
Feb 10 Centre W, 9-1 - - - 2 1 - 2 1 2.00 5
Feb 13 at Berry L, 7-1 - - - 0 0 1 1 2 0.50 4
Feb 16 at Millsaps L, 7-5 - - - 1 0 - 1 3 0.33 5
Feb 17 at Belhaven W, 12-5 - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 18 vs. Berry L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 20 at Birmingham Southern L, 10-6 - - - 4 1 - 2 - - 4
Feb 23 at Covenant W, 13-5 - 1 - 1 0 - - 2 - 5
Feb 23 at Covenant L, 8-6 - - - 3 1 - 1 - - 5
Feb 24 at Covenant L, 10-4 - - - 3 1 - - - - 4
Mar 2 at Huntingdon L, 9-2 - - - 1 0 - 1 1 1.00 5
Mar 3 at Huntingdon L, 6-3 - - - 2 0 - 1 2 0.50 5
Mar 4 at Huntingdon W, 9-3 - - - 1 0 - 1 1 1.00 5
Mar 9 Brevard W, 12-0 - 1 - 0 0 - - 2 - 4
Mar 9 Brevard W, 3-0 - - - 0 0 - 2 1 2.00 4
Mar 10 Brevard W, 11-8 - - 1 2 0 - - 1 - 5
Mar 14 Stevens Institute W, 2-1 - - - 1 0 - - 1 - 4
Mar 16 Maryville (Tenn.) L, 2-0 - - - 0 0 - 1 3 0.33 4
Mar 17 Maryville (Tenn.) W, 4-3 - - - 0 0 - 2 2 1.00 4
Mar 18 Maryville (Tenn.) W, 11-8 - - - 3 1 - 1 2 0.50 5
Mar 20 Berry L, 11-1 - - - 1 0 - 1 - - 3
Mar 23 at Berea W, 17-0 1 - - 2 1 - 2 - - 4
Mar 23 at Berea W, 17-5 - - - 4 1 - - 1 - 6
Mar 25 at Berea W, 4-0 - - - 2 0 - 1 - - 5
Mar 27 Oglethorpe W, 17-3 - 1 - 0 0 - - 1 - 4
Mar 30 Piedmont L, 11-6 - - - 3 1 - 1 - - 5
Mar 31 Piedmont W, 12-7 - - 1 1 0 - 3 1 3.00 5
Mar 31 Piedmont W, 12-2 1 - - 2 0 1 1 - - 5
Apr 3 at Oglethorpe W, 9-4 - - - 1 0 - 1 1 1.00 4
Apr 6 at Ferrum L, 8-3 - - - 0 0 - 1 - - 4
Apr 6 at Ferrum W, 5-2 - - - 4 1 - 1 - - 5
Apr 8 at Ferrum L, 8-7 - - 1 5 2 - 1 1 1.00 4
Apr 11 vs. Ferrum W, 2-1 - - - 0 0 - 3 1 3.00 4
Apr 12 Piedmont W, 5-4 - 1 - 0 0 - 2 3 0.67 5
Apr 13 N.C. Wesleyan W, 12-3 - - 1 2 0 - 1 2 0.50 5
Apr 14 N.C. Wesleyan W, 12-7 1 1 - 2 0 - 1 1 1.00 5
Apr 20 Belhaven L, 6-3 - - - 1 0 - - 1 - 3
Apr 20 Belhaven W, 19-1 - - - 2 0 - - - - 3
Apr 21 Belhaven W, 9-1 - - - 2 1 - 1 - - 2
May 17 vs. Randolph-Macon L, 2-1 - - - 2 0 - 1 - - 4
May 18 vs. Alvernia W, 2-1 1 - - 1 0 - - 2 - 4
May 19 vs. TCNJ W, 9-5 - - - 2 0 - - 2 - 5
May 19 vs. Chris. Newport L, 4-3 - - - 1 0 - 2 - - 4
Date Opponent Score gs w l sv ip h r er era bb k hr
Feb 2 Sewanee L, 13-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 3 Sewanee W, 5-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 3 Sewanee W, 6-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 6 Emory W, 8-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 9 Centre L, 8-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 9 Centre W, 5-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 10 Centre W, 9-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 13 at Berry L, 7-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 16 at Millsaps L, 7-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 17 at Belhaven W, 12-5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 18 vs. Berry L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 20 at Birmingham Southern L, 10-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 23 at Covenant W, 13-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 23 at Covenant L, 8-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 24 at Covenant L, 10-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 2 at Huntingdon L, 9-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 3 at Huntingdon L, 6-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 4 at Huntingdon W, 9-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 9 Brevard W, 12-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 9 Brevard W, 3-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 10 Brevard W, 11-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 14 Stevens Institute W, 2-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 16 Maryville (Tenn.) L, 2-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 17 Maryville (Tenn.) W, 4-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 18 Maryville (Tenn.) W, 11-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 20 Berry L, 11-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 23 at Berea W, 17-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 23 at Berea W, 17-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 25 at Berea W, 4-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 27 Oglethorpe W, 17-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 30 Piedmont L, 11-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 31 Piedmont W, 12-7 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 31 Piedmont W, 12-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 3 at Oglethorpe W, 9-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 6 at Ferrum L, 8-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 6 at Ferrum W, 5-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 8 at Ferrum L, 8-7 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 11 vs. Ferrum W, 2-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 12 Piedmont W, 5-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 13 N.C. Wesleyan W, 12-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 14 N.C. Wesleyan W, 12-7 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 20 Belhaven L, 6-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 20 Belhaven W, 19-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 21 Belhaven W, 9-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 17 vs. Randolph-Macon L, 2-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 18 vs. Alvernia W, 2-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 19 vs. TCNJ W, 9-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 19 vs. Chris. Newport L, 4-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Date Opponent Score tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Feb 2 Sewanee L, 13-5 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 3 Sewanee W, 5-4 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 3 Sewanee W, 6-0 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 6 Emory W, 8-0 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 9 Centre L, 8-6 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 9 Centre W, 5-4 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 10 Centre W, 9-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 13 at Berry L, 7-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 16 at Millsaps L, 7-5 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 17 at Belhaven W, 12-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 18 vs. Berry L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 20 at Birmingham Southern L, 10-6 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 23 at Covenant W, 13-5 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 23 at Covenant L, 8-6 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 24 at Covenant L, 10-4 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 2 at Huntingdon L, 9-2 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 3 at Huntingdon L, 6-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 4 at Huntingdon W, 9-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 9 Brevard W, 12-0 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 9 Brevard W, 3-0 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 10 Brevard W, 11-8 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 14 Stevens Institute W, 2-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 16 Maryville (Tenn.) L, 2-0 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 17 Maryville (Tenn.) W, 4-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 18 Maryville (Tenn.) W, 11-8 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 20 Berry L, 11-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 23 at Berea W, 17-0 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 23 at Berea W, 17-5 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 25 at Berea W, 4-0 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 27 Oglethorpe W, 17-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 30 Piedmont L, 11-6 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 31 Piedmont W, 12-7 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 31 Piedmont W, 12-2 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 3 at Oglethorpe W, 9-4 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 6 at Ferrum L, 8-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 6 at Ferrum W, 5-2 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 8 at Ferrum L, 8-7 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 11 vs. Ferrum W, 2-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 12 Piedmont W, 5-4 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 13 N.C. Wesleyan W, 12-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 14 N.C. Wesleyan W, 12-7 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 20 Belhaven L, 6-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 20 Belhaven W, 19-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 21 Belhaven W, 9-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
May 17 vs. Randolph-Macon L, 2-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
May 18 vs. Alvernia W, 2-1 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
May 19 vs. TCNJ W, 9-5 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
May 19 vs. Chris. Newport L, 4-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
2017-18 46 166 37 55 10 3 - 37 21 22 9 3 .331 .411 .428
Total 46 166 37 55 10 3 - 37 21 22 9 3 .331 .411 .428
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
2017-18 46 5 5 4 71 13 2 43 49 0.88 201
Total 46 5 5 4 71 13 2 43 49 0.88 201
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
2017-18 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Total 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
2017-18 46 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Total 46 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
Total 46 166 37 55 10 3 - 37 21 22 9 3 .331 .411 .428
Conference 18 72 17 26 7 2 - 14 8 12 5 1 .361 .434 .514
Exhibition - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
-
Home 25 83 22 25 4 1 - 20 13 9 - 1 .301 .398 .373
Away 16 64 15 24 6 2 - 15 7 11 7 1 .375 .438 .531
Neutral 5 19 0 6 - - - 2 1 2 2 1 .316 .381 .316
-
Wins 29 103 25 35 6 1 - 25 13 12 6 2 .340 .421 .417
Losses 17 63 12 20 4 2 - 12 8 10 3 1 .317 .394 .444
-
February 13 48 11 15 4 1 - 11 8 7 3 1 .313 .414 .438
March 18 65 19 20 3 1 - 11 11 9 3 1 .308 .412 .385
April 11 38 7 14 3 1 - 13 1 4 1 - .368 .381 .500
May 4 15 0 6 - - - 2 1 2 2 1 .400 .471 .400
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Total 46 5 5 4 71 13 2 43 49 0.88 201
Conference 18 2 1 2 37 9 1 19 16 1.19 85
Exhibition - - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
-
Home 25 3 4 3 31 5 1 22 30 0.73 106
Away 16 1 1 1 34 8 1 15 14 1.07 74
Neutral 5 1 - - 6 0 - 6 5 1.20 21
-
Wins 29 5 5 3 43 7 1 27 33 0.82 129
Losses 17 - - 1 28 6 1 16 16 1.00 72
-
February 13 1 1 - 21 5 1 10 16 0.63 58
March 18 2 2 2 25 4 1 18 19 0.95 82
April 11 1 2 2 19 4 - 12 10 1.20 44
May 4 1 - - 6 0 - 3 4 0.75 17
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
Total 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Conference 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Exhibition - - - - - - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
-
Home 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Away 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Neutral 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
-
Wins 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Losses 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
-
February 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
March 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
April 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
May 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Total 46 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Conference 18 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Exhibition - 0 - - - - - - - - - -
-
Home 25 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Away 16 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Neutral 5 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
-
Wins 29 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Losses 17 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
-
February 13 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
March 18 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
April 11 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
May 4 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -